Basic Bike Repair Tools
An overview of the tools needed to perform basic maintenance and minor repairs at home.
- 00:30 - You can also use a car bike rack to hold up your bike!
Today we’ll learn about some tools that every home repair shop should have in order to perform basic adjustment and maintenance procedures. I’ll cover more advanced tools in a future tutorial.
The most important tool in any home shop is a repair stand. Park Tools makes an economy stand called the PCS-9 that will do the job, but if you’re going to be working on bikes regularly I’d recommend the PCS-4 because of the superior clamping system. If you’re not ready to invest you can always hang your bike from the ceiling, and for minor adjustments you can also use a bike display stand to keep your rear wheel off the ground. If you’re adventurous you can always build your own stand.
Both flathead and phillips (+) screwdrivers are essential.
For pliers you should have a good set of wire cutters for trimming inner cable ends. The 4th hand tool is also invaluable for adjusting brake and derailleur tension and attaching zip-ties. If you plan on replacing cable housings, a proper cable cutter makes a clean cut every time.
Most of the components on modern bikes are fastened using 4mm, 5mm or 6mm allen bolts. One of my favorite tools is the Park triple hex wrench, which includes all three basic sizes. I also find it useful to have a set of long allen keys on hand, as they include some extra sizes like an 8mm for crank bolts, and a ball-end that makes it easy to quickly spin long bolts.
For wrenches, most components are between the sizes of 8mm to 17mm, so having a good set of open-end wrenches is a must. It’s also a good idea to have a couple of adjustable wrenches on hand for odd jobs, but I recommend using the proper size whenever possible as adjustable wrenches often slip and can damage your bolts.
Wrenches for Pedals, Headsets & Hubs
A 15mm pedal wrench is necessary for tightening or replacing pedals. They come with a long handle which helps loosen pedals that are often very tight. If you have an older threaded headset you should have either a 32mm or 36mm headset wrench for making adjustments. A set of 13&15mm cone wrenches are also often needed to adjust your front and rear hubs.
Tire & Tube Tools
For tire repairs you’ll need a set of plastic tire levers. Never use a screwdriver or metal tool to pry off your tires as you’ll run the risk of pinching your tube or damaging your rim. For installing very tight tires I recommend the Kool Stop tire jack, which makes it really easy to pull them on. Of course every home mechanic should also have an air pump, tire guage and if you have presta valves, a presta valve adapter.
The last thing you should have are some basic wheel truing tools. Spoke wrenches come in 3 common sizes which you can get individually, or as a combination tool like the one from Park. You can usually make minor wheel adjustments on your bike using your brake pads as a guide, but if you want to be more precise you’ll need a truing stand. Park makes a great economy stand called the TS-8, but if you’re looking for a shop-quality stand that will last a lifetime, it’s worth investing in the TS-2. Once you’ve invested in these tools, you’ll be ready to tune up your bike and take care of minor repairs yourself!
Discuss this topic in the Tool Forums
Hello, I recently picked up a Bontrager Charger floor pump and have enjoyed using this pump to properly inflate my Presta valve tires/tubes. I also have a Schwinn floor pump that I use for most of my schrader tires/tubes. My question is: What do you guys use to lubricate the seal(s) and keep them working for a long time while keeping the tube(s) from rusting on the inside?? Grease??... Oil??........Read more
Actually, I give my wife credit for this one.... I was discussing having access to something to hold bike up as service is done to it....... And she came up with a fantastic, and low cost solution.... Since I'm doing the work in the basement, she pointed at something we are presently using in the garage to store garden hose during the winter: 2 adjustable floor joist hooks: http://www.farmsh...Read more
does everyone use them latex gloves or are there any reusable ones as i seem to go through the latex ones very quick and they dont come cheap ?...Read more
Does anyone have a recommendation for a good repair and tune up manual? Something heavy on road or hybrids?...Read more
Management has told me I'm not building bikes fast enough. I have only hand tools to work with except for one power drill. Please recommend tools (including power tools when necessary), techniques and table configurations conducive to building 30 bikes per day. If I fail to reach this goal by the end of the month there's a vague 'or else' attached. I can current build a 12" or 16" bike in abou...Read more
Hello Bicycle Tutor forum, I am here today because I am looking for some information from you guys if possible. As you can see from the title I am in the process of getting a new bike and I would like to get some tools to fix it up when something goes wrong. Now, when it comes to anything mechanical, bikes, motorbikes, cars, etc I am terrible at fixing them but all I can remember as a child is go...Read more
Ok, I have been looking for a good basic tool set to work on my bike and came across this: http://www.pricepoint.com/detail.htm?stylepkey=14585&style_id=325...Read more
Hi all, I am a new member here, so I thought I'd post some of the things made for my bike. It sees mainly messenger and hauler duties as much is accessible close to where I live. I got tired of trying to re-do any commercially available rear racks, so I just made one: Uploaded with ImageShack.us Uploaded with ImageShack.us Uploaded with ImageShack.us It was made from a waiting room cha...Read more
Figured I'd throw this one in too. These are my three attempts at a removal tool. The first is black iron pipe. Too heavy, and I was afraid to use it for fear of damaging the frame. (I just haven't thrown it out yet) Second is copper pipe, but too short. Third is the one I use and it's one 10" long piece 3/4" copper pipe. Two cuts 4" deep, and some electricians tape for looks. Money saved....Read more
Good morning I want to transfer my shifters to a new handle bar but one of the allen head bolts is stripped . Can any on recomend process and tools that i can use to get it out with out damaging anything .. Thanks guys...Read more
http://www.amazon.ca/Park-Tool-Repair-Mount-Truing/dp/B00426BC28/ Even if you haven't? what do you think about it? I bought one to try it. Haven't received it yet. Say what you like. I'm thick skinned....Read more
I have a floor pump I have had for years and it is making a hissing noise down at the base of the pump and the air is leaking out. The pump will not get the psi up past 90. Does anyone have any suggestions so I can fix it and not buy a new one? Thank you Robinnski...Read more
Ok, I live in a city that doesn't have a bicycle shop and I only see bicycles around once in a while. I want to start a very small bicycle business out of my home for starters. I don't want to spend a fortune on tools, even though I can write them off as a business expense, I don't have that kind of cash flow for something that I'm not sure will completely take off. It will be more like a part tim...Read more
My cheap bicycle stand just disintegrated in front of my eyes. Buy cheap.....get cheap. Anyways, I am looking for a lightweight and durable work stand. Ease of clamping is a big concern. I was looking at the Park stands and was quite impressed. Thanks for your input. Monk...Read more
Just ordered a new 2014 105 5700 crankset with bottom bracket. First time I've had the new style bottom bracket with the notches on the outside of the cups. Which is the most economical tool to buy (I'm out of money now !!). The installation video I watched used a cup type and a torque wrench. The BBT-9 tool won't take a torque wrench. My friends have not as yet needed one, so I can't 'borrow...Read more